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Florence
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area....
Timeline of Events
1260
9.4.1260
The Sienese Ghibellines, supported by the forces of King Manfred of Sicily, defeat the Florentine Guelphs at Montaperti.
1333
11.4.1333
The River Arno flooding causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
1334
7.18.1334
The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new ''campanile'' (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1420
8.7.1420
Construction of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore begins in Florence.
1494
11.9.1494
The Family de' Medici were expelled from Florence.
1497
2.7.1497
The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.
1498
5.23.1498
Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy, on the orders of Pope Alexander VI.
1504
9.8.1504
Michelangelo's ''David'' is unveiled in Florence.
1527
5.16.1527
The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic.
1555
4.17.1555
After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
1600
10.6.1600
Jacopo Peri's ''Euridice'', the earliest surviving opera, receives its première performance in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period
1966
11.4.1966
Two-thirds of Florence, Italy is submerged as the River Arno floods; together with the contemporaneous flood of the Po River in northern Italy, this leads to 113 deaths, 30,000 made homeless, and the destruction of numerous Renaissance artworks and books.