12
June
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June 12 in History
2009
A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide ranging protests in Iran and around the world.
2004
A 1.3 kilogram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries.
2000
Sandro Rosa do Nascimento takes hostages while robbing Bus #174 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; the highly-publicized standoff becomes a media circus and ends with the death of do Nascimento and a hostage.
1999
Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
1997
Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.
1996
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
1994
The Boeing 777, the world's largest twinjet, makes its first flight.
Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in wrongful death civil suit.
1993
An election takes place in Nigeria which and is later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida.
1991
Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic.
1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka.
1990
Russia Day
1987
Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
1979
Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
1978
David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
1967
Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
The United States Supreme Court in ''Loving v. Virginia'' declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
1964
Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
1963
Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
1943
Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. 1,180 Jews are led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot.
1942
Holocaust: Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1940
World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
1939
The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' ''Dr. Cyclops'', the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
1935
Chaco War ends: a truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.
1922
At Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded – the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
1899
New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.
1898
Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
1889
78 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
1864
American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor
1860
The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
1830
Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
1798
Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch.
1776
The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted.
1775
American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1758
French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg (1758)|Siege of Louisbourg
1665
England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
1653
First Anglo-Dutch War: the Battle of the Gabbard begins and lasts until June 13.
1560
Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
1429
Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
1418
An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
1381
Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.