26
January
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January 26 in History
2005
Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.
2004
President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
2001
An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
1998
Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
1992
Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
1991
Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.
1980
1978
The Great Blizzard of 1978, a rare blizzard|severe blizzard with the lowest non-tropical atmospheric pressure ever recorded in the US, strikes the Ohio
1966
The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
1965
Hindi becomes the official language of India.
1962
Ranger program: Ranger 3 is launched to study the moon. The space probe later misses the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).
1961
John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician. This is the first time a woman holds this appointment.
1960
Danny Heater sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points for Burnsville High School (West Virginia)
1958
Japanese ferry ''Nankai Maru'' capsizes off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
1952
Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
1950
The Constitution of India comes into force, forming a republic. Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first President of India. Observed as Republic Day in India.
1942
World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
1939
Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
1934
The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
1930
The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.
1924
St.Petersburg is renamed Leningrad
1920
Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
1911
Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
Richard Strauss' opera ''Der Rosenkavalier'' receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
1907
The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
1905
The Cullinan Diamond is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.
1885
Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum.
1870
American Civil War: Virginia rejoins the Union.
1863
American Civil War: General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker.
American Civil War: Governor of Massachusetts John Albion Andrew receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
1861
American Civil War: The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1856
First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the {{USS|Decatur|1839|6}} drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
1855
Point No Point Treaty is signed in Washington Territory.
1841
The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes.
1838
Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
1837
Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
1808
Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1788
The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day
1736
Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne.
1700
The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake takes place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
1699
Treaty of Carlowitz is signed.
1589
Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
1565
Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1564
The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1531
Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake--thousands die.
1500
Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
1340
King Edward III of England is declared King of France.