19
October
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October 19 in History
2007
Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati. The blast killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.
2005
Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
2004
Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the State Peace and Development Council on charges of corruption.
Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
2003
2001
SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
1989
The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
1987
In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran's offshore oil platforms.
Black Monday - the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
1986
Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others die when their Tupolev 134 plane crashes into the Lebombo Mountains.
1983
Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and executed in a military coup d'état led by Bernard Coard.
1976
Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon.
1974
Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
1973
President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes.
1969
The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
1959
The first discothèque opens.
1954
First ascent of Cho Oyu
1950
The People's Liberation Army takes control of the town of Qamdo; this is sometimes called the "Invasion of Tibet".
Korean War: After the Chinese leadership finally settled the issue of armed intervention on October 18, the People's Republic of China joins the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river to fight United Nations forces.
1944
United States forces land in the Philippines.
1943
Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1935
The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
1933
Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1921
Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
1917
The Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
1914
The First Battle of Ypres begins.
1912
Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1904
Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
1873
Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1864
Battle of Cedar Creek
St. Albans Raid
1822
In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
1813
The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
1812
1789
Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
1781
At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis' sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
1649
New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
1512
Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (''Doctor in Biblia'').
1469
Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1466
The Thirteen Years War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
1453
The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.
1216
King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
439
The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.