22
October
  Advertisement
October 22 in History
2008
India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1.
2007
Raid on Anuradhapura Air Force Base is carried out by 21 Tamil Tiger commandos. All except one died in this attack. Eight Sri Lankan Air Force planes are destroyed and 10 damaged.
2006
A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.
2005
Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
1999
Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
1991
Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.
1983
Two correctional officers are killed by inmates at the United States Penitentiary in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspires the Supermax model of prisons.
1981
The TGV railway service between Paris and Lyon is inaugurated.
The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August.
1976
Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
1975
The Soviet unmanned space mission Venera 9 lands on Venus.
1972
Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris.
1970
Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
1968
Apollo program: ''Apollo 7'' safely splashes down in the Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times.
1966
The Soviet Union launches Luna 12.
The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (''The Supremes A' Go-Go'').
1964
Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official Flag of Canada.
Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but turns down the honor.
1963
A BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes in UK with the loss of all on board.
1962
Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American reconnaissance planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the Communist nation.
1960
Independence of Mali from France.
1957
Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
1953
Laos gains independence from France.
1944
World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
1943
World War II: in the Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless.
1941
World War II: French resistance member Guy Môquet and 29 other hostages are executed by the Germans in retaliation for the death of a German officer.
1934
In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd. thumb with six-day weeks.]]
1928
Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
1926
J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
1924
Toastmasters International is founded.
1910
Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and is subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
1907
Panic of 1907: A run on the stock of the Knickerbocker Trust Company sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
1895
In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
1883
The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's ''Faust''.
1878
The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
1877
The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners.
1875
First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
1844
The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipate the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment.
1836
Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1797
One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.
1790
Warriors of the Miami tribe under Chief Little Turtle defeat United States troops under General Josiah Harmar at the site of present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana, in the Northwest Indian War.
1784
Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska.
1746
The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.
1730
Construction of the Ladoga Canal is completed.
1707
Scilly naval disaster: four British Royal Navy ships run aground near the Isles of Scilly because of faulty navigation. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and thousands of sailors drown.
1633
Battle of southern Fujian sea: The Ming dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company.
1575
Foundation of Aguascalientes.
1383
The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne, sparking a period of civil war and disorder.
794
Emperor Kanmu relocates the Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
362
A mysterious fire destroys the temple of Apollo at Daphne outside Antioch.