5
December
  Advertisement
December 5 in History
2007
Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.
2006
Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
2005
The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
1995
The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
1993
The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
1983
Dissolution of the Military Junta in Argentina.
ICIMOD is established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
1979
Sonia Johnson is formally excommunicated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints for her outspoken criticism of the church concerning the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
1978
The Soviet Union signs a "friendship treaty" with the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
1977
Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The move is in retaliation for the Declaration of Tripoli against Egypt.
1976
The United Nations General Assembly adopts Pakistan's resolution on security of non-Nuclear States.
1974
In American football, the Birmingham Americans would win what would eventually be the only World Bowl in World Football League history.
1964
Vietnam War: For his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.
1958
Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.
The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
1957
Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.
1955
E.D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1952
Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
1945
Flight 19 is lost in the Bermuda Triangle.
1944
World War II: Allied troops occupy Ravenna.
1943
World War II: U.S. Army Air Force begins attacking Germany's secret weapons bases in Operation Crossbow .
1941
World War II: In the Battle of Moscow Georgy Zhukov launches a massive Soviet counter-attack against the German army, with the biggest offensive launched against Army Group Centre.
World War II: Great Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary and Romania.
1936
The Soviet Union adopts a new constitution and the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic is established as a full Union Republic of the USSR.
1934
Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.
1933
Prohibition in the United States ends: Utah becomes the 36th U.S. state to ratify the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, thus establishing the required 75% of states needed to enact the amendment (this overturned the 18th Amendment which had made the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States).
1932
German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa.
1920
Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
1914
The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
1876
Brooklyn Theater Fire kills at least 278 people in Brooklyn, NY.
1865
Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
1848
California Gold Rush: In a message before the U.S. Congress, US President James K. Polk confirms that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California.
1847
Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.
1831
Former US President John Quincy Adams takes his seat in the House of Representatives.
1815
Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
1776
In the Apollo Room of the Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg, Virginia, students from the College of William and Mary meet for the first time founding Phi Beta Kappa, the first scholastic fraternity in the United States.
1775
At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1766
In London, James Christie holds his first sale.
1757
Seven Years' War: Battle of Leuthen
1746
Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
1590
Niccolò Sfondrati becomes Pope Gregory XIV.
1496
King Manuel I of Portugal issues a decree of expulsion of "heretics" from the country.
1492
Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
1484
Pope Innocent VIII issues the ''Summis desiderantes'', a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and leads to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history.
1408
Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
1360
The French Franc is created.
1082
Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
771
Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
663
Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.