5
December
  Advertisement
Home  /  Timelines  /  Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...
Timeline of Events
660BC
2.11.660 BC
Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
708
8.29.708
Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
1180
6.23.1180
First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan.
1183
8.14.1183
Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan. (Traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei).
1188
3.21.1188
Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
1192
8.21.1192
Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the ''de facto'' ruler of Japan. (Traditional Japanese date: July 12, 1192)
1253
4.28.1253
Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds ''Nam Myoho Renge Kyo'' for the very first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
1281
8.12.1281
The Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan.
1293
5.26.1293
An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 30,000.
1549
7.27.1549
The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reaches Japan.
1573
1.25.1573
Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
1597
2.5.1597
A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
1600
10.21.1600
Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate that in effect rules Japan until the mid-nineteenth century.
1609
4.5.1609
''Daimyo'' (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
1615
6.4.1615
Siege of Osaka: Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.
1700
1.26.1700
The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake takes place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
1707
10.28.1707
The 1707 Hōei earthquake causes more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan
12.16.1707
Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
1783
8.3.1783
Mount Asama erupts in Japan, killing 35,000 people.
1854
3.31.1854
Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
8.4.1854
The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
1857
3.21.1857
An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
1858
7.29.1858
United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
1863
8.15.1863
The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
1867
2.3.1867
Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
9.2.1867
Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō. The Empress consort is thereafter known as ''Lady Haruko''. Since her death in 1914, she is called by the posthumous name Empress Shōken.
10.14.1867
The 15th and the last military Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan, returning his power to the Emperor of Japan and thence to the re-established civil government of Japan
11.9.1867
Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
1868
1.3.1868
Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Chōshū seize power.
4.11.1868
The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
5.14.1868
Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
1869
5.4.1869
The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
8.2.1869
Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinōkōshō) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869).
8.15.1869
The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
1872
3.11.1872
The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
1873
1.1.1873
Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar.
1874
8.5.1874
Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom.
1875
8.22.1875
The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
1885
2.9.1885
The first Japanese government-approved immigrants arrive in Hawaii.
8.14.1885
Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.