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Satellite
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an object which has been placed into orbit by human endeavour. Such objects are sometimes called artificial satellites to distinguish them from natural satellites such as the Moon....
Timeline of Events
1957
12.6.1957
Project Vanguard: A launchpad explosion of Vanguard TV3 thwarts the first United States attempt to launch a satellite into Earth orbit.
1958
1.31.1958
Explorer program: ''Explorer 1'' – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
3.17.1958
The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
4.14.1958
The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days.
1962
7.11.1962
First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
9.29.1962
''Alouette 1,'' the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
12.13.1962
NASA "Relay 1" launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
1965
4.6.1965
Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit.
11.26.1965
In the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, ''Asterix-1'' on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
1970
4.24.1970
The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched.
1971
10.28.1971
Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
1972
7.23.1972
The United States launch ''Landsat 1'', the first Earth-resources satellite.
1975
4.19.1975
India's first satellite Aryabhata is launched.
1989
2.14.1989
The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
1996
2.14.1996
China launches a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite. The rocket flies off course 3 seconds after liftoff and crashes into a rural village.
2006
6.18.2006
The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.