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France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean...
Timeline of Events
303
9.25.303
On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
451
9.20.451
The Battle of Châlons takes place in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius's victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, is considered to be the largest battle in the ancient world.
732
10.10.732
Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle.
987
7.3.987
Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty that would rule France till the French Revolution in 1792.
1140
6.3.1140
French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
1180
9.18.1180
Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
1199
3.25.1199
Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leading to his death on April 6.
1214
7.27.1214
Battle of Bouvines: in France, Philip II of France defeats John of England.
1259
12.4.1259
Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1274
5.7.1274
In France, the Second Council of Lyons opens to regulate the election of the Pope.
1295
7.5.1295
Scotland and France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England.
10.23.1295
The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
1302
5.18.1302
Bruges Matins, the nocturnal massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by members of the local Flemish militia.
7.11.1302
Battle of the Golden Spurs (''Guldensporenslag'' in Dutch) – a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's royal army.
1305
6.23.1305
A peace treaty between the Flemish and the French is signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
1307
10.13.1307
Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into a "confession" of heresy.
1328
5.27.1328
Philip VI is crowned King of France.
8.23.1328
Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.
1346
8.26.1346
Hundred Years' War: the military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.
1356
9.19.1356
Battle of Poitiers: an English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II.
1364
9.29.1364
Battle of Auray: English forces defeat the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
1415
10.25.1415
The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.
1422
8.31.1422
King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France.
1429
6.12.1429
Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
1431
5.30.1431
Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. Because of this the Catholic Church remember this day as the celebration of Saint Joan of Arc.
1434
4.14.1434
The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.
1450
4.15.1450
Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.
1453
7.17.1453
Hundred Years' War: Battle of Castillon: The French under Jean Bureau defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the battle in Gascony.
1475
8.29.1475
The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England.
1477
1.5.1477
Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.
1490
1.4.1490
Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lèse majesté.
1492
3.4.1492
King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
11.7.1492
The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
1494
11.18.1494
French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
1500
4.10.1500
Ludovico Sforza is captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and is handed over to the French.
1503
4.28.1503
Important victory of the Great captain at the Battle of Cerignola, ruling a small Spanish armies over a French four times bigger in number, in Cerignola, next Bari, Southern Italy. It is noted as the first battle in history won by gunpowder small arms.
1504
1.31.1504
France cedes Naples to Aragon.
1509
5.14.1509
Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.
1511
1.19.1511
Mirandola surrenders to the French.
10.4.1511
Formation of the Holy League of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice against France.