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Ethiopia
Ethiopia , officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants, and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2...
Timeline of Events
1438
1.24.1438
The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
1542
2.2.1542
Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
1608
3.18.1608
Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
1868
4.10.1868
At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two die from the British/Indian troops.
4.10.1868
At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two die from the British/Indian troops.
1872
1.12.1872
Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
1889
5.2.1889
Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, signs a treaty of amity with Italy, which gives Italy control over Eritrea.
11.4.1889
Menelek of Shoa obtains the allegiance of a large majority of the Ethiopian nobility, paving the way for him to be crowned emperor.
1896
3.1.1896
Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo–Ethiopian War.
3.2.1896
Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
1916
9.27.1916
Iyasu is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zauditu.
10.27.1916
Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
1930
4.2.1930
Haile Selassie is proclaimed emperor of Ethiopia.
11.2.1930
Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1934
11.23.1934
An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
12.5.1934
Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.
1935
10.3.1935
Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
10.19.1935
The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
1936
5.5.1936
Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
5.9.1936
Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
1937
2.19.1937
During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades.
1952
9.15.1952
United Nations gives Eritrea to Ethiopia.
1960
12.13.1960
While Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia visits Brazil, his Imperial Bodyguard seizes the capital and proclaim him deposed and his son, Crown Prince Asfa Wossen, Emperor.
12.17.1960
Troops loyal to Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia crush the coup that began December 13, returning power to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.
1961
9.1.1961
The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.
1963
5.25.1963
In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.
1974
9.12.1974
Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, 'Messiah' of the Rastafari movement, is deposed following a military coup by the Derg, ending a reign of 58 years.
11.24.1974
Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete ''Australopithecus afarensis'' skeleton, nicknamed "Lucy" (after The Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"), in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.
11.30.1974
The fossil known as Lucy is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.
1984
11.25.1984
36 top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid's ''Do They Know It's Christmas'' in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
1985
1.13.1985
A passenger train plunged into a ravine at Ethiopia, killing 428 in the worst railroad disaster in Africa.
1.28.1985
Supergroup USA for Africa (United Support of Artists for Africa) records the hit single ''We Are the World'', to help raise funds for Ethiopian famine relief.
1988
3.17.1988
Eritrean War of Independence: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on three sides by military units of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front in the opening action of the Battle of Afabet.
11.13.1988
Mulugeta Seraw, an Ethiopian law student in city-state Portland is beaten to death by members of the Neo-Nazi group East Side White Pride.
1989
8.7.1989
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
1991
5.21.1991
Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.
5.24.1991
Eritrea gains its independence from Ethiopia.
5.28.1991
The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.
1993
4.23.1993
Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
1994
3.31.1994
Human evolution: The journal ''Nature'' reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete ''Australopithecus afarensis'' skull.