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Portugal
Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of Portugal...
Timeline of Events
1143
10.5.1143
King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
1147
10.25.1147
The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege.
1325
1.7.1325
Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal.
1373
6.13.1373
Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.
1383
10.22.1383
The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne, sparking a period of civil war and disorder.
1484
7.6.1484
Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
1488
2.3.1488
Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
1493
3.4.1493
Explorer Christopher Columbus arrives back in Lisbon, Portugal, aboard his ship Niña from his voyage to what is now The Bahamas and other islands in the Caribbean.
5.4.1493
Pope Alexander VI divides the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Line of Demarcation.
1494
6.7.1494
Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
1497
12.16.1497
Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope, the point where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal.
1498
5.20.1498
Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India.
8.29.1498
Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to Portugal.
1500
4.22.1500
Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
1502
2.12.1502
Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
5.21.1502
The island of Saint Helena is discovered by the Portuguese explorer João da Nova.
1509
2.2.1509
The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
2.3.1509
The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1511
8.24.1511
Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.
1517
8.15.1517
Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
1520
11.28.1520
After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
1529
4.22.1529
Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
1531
1.26.1531
Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake--thousands die.
1541
4.7.1541
Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
1542
2.2.1542
Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
9.28.1542
Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrives at what is now San Diego, California, United States.
1580
8.25.1580
Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal.
1582
10.5.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.6.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.7.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.8.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.9.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.10.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.11.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.12.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.13.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.14.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.15.1582
Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
1641
3.11.1641
Battle of Mbororé: Guaranís from Jesuit Reductions fight Bandeirantes, and Portuguese explorers after separation of the Kingdoms of Spain and Portugal.
1661
8.6.1661
The Treaty of The Hague is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic.