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London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who called it Londinium...
Timeline of Events
1066
12.25.1066
William the Conqueror is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
1305
8.5.1305
William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London where he is put on trial and executed.
1497
6.24.1497
Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London.
1534
2.3.1534
The Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England.
1536
5.15.1536
Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest. She is condemned to death by a specially-selected jury.
1559
1.15.1559
Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London.
1571
1.23.1571
The Royal Exchange opens in London.
1578
5.31.1578
Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.
1604
11.1.1604
William Shakespeare's tragedy ''Othello'' is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1609
5.20.1609
Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1611
11.1.1611
William Shakespeare's romantic comedy ''The Tempest'' is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
1613
6.29.1613
The Globe Theatre in London, England burns to the ground.
1650
9.29.1650
Henry Robinson opens his ''Office of Addresses and Encounters'' in Threadneedle Street, London.
1661
1.6.1661
English Restoration: The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.
1666
9.4.1666
In London, England, the most destructive damage from the Great Fire occurs.
1675
8.10.1675
The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London is laid.
1698
1.4.1698
Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire.
1701
5.23.1701
After being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
1711
2.24.1711
The London première of ''Rinaldo'' by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
2.24.1711
The London première of ''Rinaldo'' by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
1715
5.3.1715
"Edmund Halley's" total solar eclipse (the last one visible in London, United Kingdom for almost 900 years).
1717
6.24.1717
The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England.
1718
5.15.1718
James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents the world's first machine gun.
1724
11.11.1724
Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
1726
5.9.1726
Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap's molly house in London are executed at Tyburn.
1732
12.7.1732
The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.
1738
4.15.1738
Premiere in London of ''Serse'', an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.
1743
2.21.1743
The premiere of George Frideric Handel's oratorio, "Samson" takes place in London.
1757
5.6.1757
English poet Christopher Smart is admitted into St Luke's Hospital for Lunatics in London, beginning his six-year confinement to mental asylums.
1766
12.5.1766
In London, James Christie holds his first sale.
1768
1.9.1768
In London, Philip Astley stages the first modern circus.
5.10.1768
John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for ''The North Briton'' severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
1772
1.1.1772
The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London.
1776
8.10.1776
1783
11.3.1783
John Austin, a highwayman, is the last person to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.
1788
1.1.1788
First edition of ''The Times'' of London, previously ''The Daily Universal Register'', is published.
1791
3.4.1791
A Constitutional Act is introduced by the British House of Commons in London which envisages the separation of Canada into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).
1803
7.26.1803
The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
1809
9.18.1809
The Royal Opera House in London opens.
1812
5.11.1812
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London.