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England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental Europe...
Timeline of Events
927
7.12.927
England is unified by Athelstan of England after a long process of annexation.
959
10.1.959
Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
1002
11.13.1002
English king Æthelred II orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice's Day massacre.
1066
1.6.1066
Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England.
9.25.1066
The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
9.28.1066
William the Bastard (as he was known at the time) invades England beginning the Norman Conquest.
12.25.1066
William the Conqueror is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
1174
7.13.1174
William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1189
7.6.1189
Richard I "the Lionheart" is crowned King of England.
1192
12.20.1192
Richard the Lion-Heart is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after signing a treaty with Saladin ending the Third crusade.
1216
10.12.1216
King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
1217
5.20.1217
The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke.
1264
5.14.1264
Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the ''de facto'' ruler of England.
1290
7.18.1290
King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews (numbering about 16,000) from England; this was Tisha B'Av on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.
1293
4.1.1293
Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1295
7.5.1295
Scotland and France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England.
1296
3.30.1296
Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
1297
9.11.1297
Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots jointly-led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray defeat the English.
1301
2.7.1301
Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.
1318
4.1.1318
Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1322
10.14.1322
Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
1327
1.25.1327
Edward III becomes King of England.
2.1.1327
Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
1337
3.17.1337
Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.
1350
8.29.1350
Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
1355
2.10.1355
The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
1356
9.19.1356
Battle of Poitiers: an English army under the command of Edward, the Black Prince defeats a French army and captures the French king, John II.
1364
9.29.1364
Battle of Auray: English forces defeat the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
1373
6.13.1373
Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.
1377
5.22.1377
Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
1381
6.12.1381
Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.
1403
7.21.1403
Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
1413
3.21.1413
Henry V becomes King of England.
4.9.1413
Henry V is crowned King of England.
1429
6.18.1429
French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeat the main English army under sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years' War.
1435
9.21.1435
An agreement between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good ends the partnership between the English and Burgundy in Hundred Years' War.
1450
4.15.1450
Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.
1453
7.17.1453
Hundred Years' War: Battle of Castillon: The French under Jean Bureau defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the battle in Gascony.
1459
9.23.1459
Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
1470
10.30.1470
Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats the Yorkists in battle.