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Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and formerly known as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of fifty-four independent member states...
Timeline of Events
1912
1.4.1912
The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
1917
5.21.1917
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission is established through Royal Charter to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military forces.
1941
1.22.1941
World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1942
5.8.1942
World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebel in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny is crushed and three of them are executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
1947
8.14.1947
Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
8.15.1947
India gains Independence from the British Indian Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
1948
2.4.1948
Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth.
11.15.1948
Louis Stephen St. Laurent succeeds William Lyon Mackenzie King as Prime Minister of Canada. King had the longest combined time (3 terms, 22 years in total) as Premier in Commonwealth of Nations history.
1959
7.1.1959
Specific values for the international yard, avoirdupois pound and derived units (e.g. inch, mile and ounce) are adopted after agreement between the U.S.A., the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries.
1961
3.15.1961
South Africa withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1970
4.24.1970
The Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Dawda Jawara as the first President.
1972
1.30.1972
Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
5.22.1972
Ceylon adopts a new constitution, thus becoming a Republic, changes its name to Sri Lanka, and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
1973
7.10.1973
The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
1989
8.2.1989
Pakistan is re-admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after having restoring democracy for the first time since 1972.
1990
4.23.1990
Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1992
3.12.1992
Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
2002
3.19.2002
Zimbabwe is suspended from the Commonwealth on charges of human rights abuses and of electoral fraud, following a turbulent presidential election.