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Prussia
Prussia was a German kingdom and historic state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organized and effective army. Prussia shaped the history of Germany, with its capital in Berlin after 1451...
Timeline of Events
1456
10.17.1456
The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
1701
1.18.1701
Frederick I becomes King of Prussia.
1740
10.20.1740
Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1741
4.10.1741
War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
1757
6.18.1757
Battle of Kolín between Prussian forces under Frederick the Great and an Austrian army under the command of Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun in the Seven Years' War.
1758
10.14.1758
Seven Years' War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
1762
5.5.1762
Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg.
5.22.1762
Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.
1793
1.23.1793
Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partition Poland for the second time.
7.23.1793
Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.
1794
7.13.1794
The Battle of the Vosges is fought between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria.
1795
10.24.1795
Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided among Austria, Prussia, and Russia
1806
10.9.1806
Prussia declares war on France.
10.14.1806
Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia
1813
5.20.1813
Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.
8.27.1813
French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte defeats a larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
8.30.1813
Battle of Kulm: French forces are defeated by an Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1814
1.29.1814
France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
1815
1.3.1815
Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
1850
11.29.1850
The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
1864
10.30.1864
Second war of Schleswig ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
1866
4.8.1866
Italy and Prussia ally against Austrian Empire.
7.3.1866
Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
1870
7.19.1870
Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
1871
2.17.1871
The victorious Prussian Army parades though Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
1906
10.16.1906
The Captain of Köpenick fools the city hall of Köpenick and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian officer.
1947
2.25.1947
State of Prussia ceases to exist.