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Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...
Timeline of Events
966
4.14.966
Christianisation of Poland
972
6.24.972
Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place.
1025
4.18.1025
Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
1227
11.23.1227
Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.
1241
4.9.1241
Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies.
1257
6.5.1257
Kraków, Poland receives city rights.
1364
5.12.1364
Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, is founded in Kraków, Poland.
5.12.1364
Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, is founded in Kraków, Poland.
1454
9.18.1454
In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.
1569
7.1.1569
Union of Lublin: the Kingdom of Poland and the Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union; the united country is called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
1573
1.28.1573
Articles of the Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
1582
10.5.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.6.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.7.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.8.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.9.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.10.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.11.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.12.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.13.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.14.1582
Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
10.15.1582
Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
1651
6.28.1651
The Battle of Beresteczko between Poland and Ukraine starts.
1660
4.23.1660
Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
1674
5.21.1674
The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1706
2.3.1706
During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
1773
10.14.1773
The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for ''Commission of National Education''), is formed in Poland.
1793
1.23.1793
Second Partition of Poland: Russia and Prussia partition Poland for the second time.
1795
11.25.1795
Partitions of Poland: Stanislaus August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.
1807
6.14.1807
Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Poland (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.
1861
2.27.1861
Russian troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters.
1863
1.22.1863
The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1918
3.3.1918
Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
11.3.1918
Poland declares its independence from Russia.
11.6.1918
The Second Polish Republic is proclaimed in Poland.
11.11.1918
Józef Piłsudski comes to Warsaw and assumes supreme military power in Poland. Poland regains its independence, celebrated each year on this day.
1919
1.18.1919
Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.
9.10.1919
Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
1920
2.10.1920
Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.
8.31.1920
Polish-Bolshevik War: a decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.