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Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers and has a temperate and alpine climate...
Timeline of Events
996
11.1.996
Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name ''Ostarrîchi'' (Austria in Old High German).
1192
12.20.1192
Richard the Lion-Heart is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after signing a treaty with Saladin ending the Third crusade.
1246
6.15.1246
With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
1335
5.2.1335
Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia.
1379
9.9.1379
Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1571
1.11.1571
Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
1709
9.11.1709
Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
1718
7.21.1718
The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
1740
10.20.1740
Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1743
9.13.1743
Great Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms.
1746
6.16.1746
War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
1757
6.18.1757
Battle of Kolín between Prussian forces under Frederick the Great and an Austrian army under the command of Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun in the Seven Years' War.
1758
10.14.1758
Seven Years' War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
1779
5.13.1779
War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from it (the Innviertel).
1783
11.4.1783
W.A. Mozart's Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.
1786
5.1.1786
Opening night of the opera ''The Marriage of Figaro'' by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna, Austria.
1791
9.30.1791
''The Magic Flute'', the last opera composed by Mozart, receives its premiere performance at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria.
1792
4.20.1792
France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.
1793
12.26.1793
Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
1794
7.13.1794
The Battle of the Vosges is fought between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria.
1795
10.24.1795
Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided among Austria, Prussia, and Russia
1796
5.10.1796
First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the Adda River in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men.
1797
10.17.1797
Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
1805
10.14.1805
Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
12.26.1805
Austria and France sign the Treaty of Pressburg.
1809
4.19.1809
An Austrian corps is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition. On the same day the Austrian main army is defeated by a First French Empire Corps led by Louis-Nicolas Davout at the Battle of Teugen-Hausen in Bavaria, part of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.
4.20.1809
Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.
4.21.1809
Two Austrian army corps are driven from Landshut by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France as two French corps to the north hold off the main Austrian army on the first day of the Battle of Eckmühl.
5.21.1809
The first day of the Battle of Aspern-Essling between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles and the French army led by Napoleon I of France sees the French attack across the Danube held.
7.6.1809
The second day of the Battle of Wagram sees a French victory over the Austrian army in the largest battle yet of the Napoleonic Wars.
1813
8.27.1813
French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte defeats a larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
8.30.1813
Battle of Kulm: French forces are defeated by an Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
10.8.1813
The Treaty of Ried was signed between Bayern and Austria.
1814
5.17.1814
Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian.
1815
1.3.1815
Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
5.3.1815
Neapolitan War: Joachim Murat, King of Naples is defeated by the Austrians at the Battle of Tolentino, the decisive engagement of the war.
1818
12.25.1818
The first performance of "Silent Night" takes place in the church of St. Nikolaus in Oberndorf, Austria.
1824
5.7.1824
World premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven's Ninth Symphony in Vienna, Austria. The performance is conducted by Michael Umlauf under the composer's supervision.
1849
4.14.1849
Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Lajos Kossuth as its leader.
8.28.1849
After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.