2
August
  Advertisement
Home  /  Timelines  /  Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting the Black and Aegean Seas...
Timeline of Events
1259
12.4.1259
Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1488
2.3.1488
Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
1492
12.5.1492
Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola, now Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
1500
1.26.1500
Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
4.22.1500
Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
1513
4.2.1513
Juan Ponce de Leon sets foot on Florida, becoming the first European known to do so.
1520
11.28.1520
After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
1534
6.9.1534
Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the Saint Lawrence River.
7.7.1534
European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick.
1602
5.15.1602
Bartholomew Gosnold becomes the first European to see Cape Cod.
1642
12.18.1642
Abel Tasman becomes first European to land in New Zealand.
1661
7.16.1661
The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
1715
9.1.1715
King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years — the longest of any major European monarch.
1767
6.18.1767
Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.
1778
11.26.1778
In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.
1791
5.3.1791
The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1814
10.1.1814
Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
1815
6.9.1815
End of the Congress of Vienna: the new European political situation is set.
1816
2.12.1816
The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
1851
3.27.1851
First reported sighting of the Yosemite Valley by Europeans.
1871
5.21.1871
Opening of the first rack railway in Europe, the Rigi-Bahnen on Mount Rigi.
1878
7.13.1878
Treaty of Berlin: the European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
1906
3.10.1906
The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France.
9.13.1906
First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.
10.23.1906
Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
1917
1.22.1917
World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
1918
12.4.1918
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
1933
7.17.1933
After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances.
1939
6.4.1939
Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps.
1941
4.10.1941
World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić's Ustaše fascist insurgents in power.
1942
1.26.1942
World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
1943
2.11.1943
World War II: General Dwight Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
1944
1.4.1944
World War II: Operation Carpetbagger, involving the dropping of arms and supplies to resistance fighters in Europe, begins.
1945
5.15.1945
World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
1946
12.25.1946
The first in Europe artificial, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction was initiated within Soviet nuclear reactor F-1.
1947
6.5.1947
Marshall Plan: In a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
1949
5.5.1949
The Treaty of London establishes the Council of Europe in Strasbourg as the first European institution working for European integration.
1950
5.9.1950
Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the "Schuman declaration", is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
9.24.1950
Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
1951
12.31.1951
The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $13.3 billion USD in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.