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Massachusetts
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010 Census, the population of Massachusetts was 6,547,629...
Timeline of Events
1613
7.2.1613
The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.
1620
11.9.1620
Pilgrims aboard the ''Mayflower'' sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
12.26.1620
Pilgrim Fathers land at what becomes Plymouth in Massachusetts.
1630
9.17.1630
The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1635
4.23.1635
The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.
1636
8.18.1636
The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.
1642
3.1.1642
Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.
1648
6.14.1648
Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.
1656
10.14.1656
Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
1690
2.3.1690
The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1692
6.2.1692
Bridget Bishop is the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts. Found guilty, she is hanged on June 10.
1704
4.24.1704
The first regular newspaper in the United States, the ''News-Letter'', is published in Boston, Massachusetts.
1722
7.25.1722
Dummer's War begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.
1733
7.30.1733
The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the future United States is constituted in Massachusetts.
1774
3.31.1774
American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
1775
2.9.1775
American Revolutionary War: The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.
1776
3.4.1776
The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
3.17.1776
American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery in positions overlooking the city.
1786
8.29.1786
Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
1788
2.6.1788
Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
1812
2.11.1812
Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry "gerrymanders" for the first time.
1839
11.27.1839
In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.
1848
11.1.1848
In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
1851
12.29.1851
The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
1863
5.28.1863
American Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts, to fight for the Union.
1869
5.26.1869
1874
5.16.1874
A flood on the Mill River in Massachusetts destroys much of four villages and kills 139 people.
1883
2.28.1883
The first vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
1911
9.25.1911
Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1912
4.20.1912
Opening day for baseball stadiums Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
6.4.1912
Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
1930
12.7.1930
W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts broadcasts video from the CBS radio orchestra program, ''The Fox Trappers''. The broadcast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.
1942
11.28.1942
In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 491 people.
1966
11.8.1966
Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
1969
7.18.1969
After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.
1970
11.9.1970
Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
1979
10.20.1979
The John F. Kennedy library is opened in Boston, Massachusetts.
1985
10.4.1985
Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, United States.
1987
1.4.1987
The Chase, Maryland rail wreck: An Amtrak train en route to Boston, Massachusetts from Washington, D.C., collides with Conrail engines in Chase, Maryland, killing 16 people.
1990
3.18.1990
In the largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts.