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Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire during the periods of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, centred on the capital of Constantinople. Known simply as the Roman Empire or Romania to its inhabitants and neighbours, the Empire was the direct continuation of the Ancient Roman State...
Timeline of Events
457
2.7.457
Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
474
2.9.474
Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
527
8.1.527
Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
533
9.13.533
General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa.
10.15.533
Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.
12.15.533
Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
535
12.31.535
Byzantine General Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Ostrogothic garrison of Syracuse, and ending his consulship for the year.
536
12.9.536
Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
610
10.4.610
Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor.
627
12.12.627
Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
636
8.20.636
Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine away from the Byzantine Empire, marking the first great wave of Muslim conquests and the rapid advance of Islam outside Arabia.
681
8.9.681
Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
811
7.26.811
Battle of Pliska: Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus I is killed and his heir Stauracius is seriously wounded.
863
9.3.863
Major Byzantine victory at the Battle of Lalakaon against an Arab raid.
917
8.20.917
Battle of Acheloos: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeats a Byzantine army.
969
10.29.969
Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria
994
9.15.994
Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.
1041
12.10.1041
Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adopted son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V.
1055
1.11.1055
Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
1071
4.16.1071
Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
1081
10.18.1081
The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
1180
9.24.1180
Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline.
1185
9.11.1185
Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
1261
7.25.1261
The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.
1302
7.27.1302
Battle of Bapheus: decisive Ottoman victory over the Byzantines opening up Bithynia for Turkish conquest.
1345
6.11.1345
The ''megas doux'' Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners.
1453
4.20.1453
The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn.
5.29.1453
Fall of Constantinople: Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih capture Constantinople after a 53-day siege, ending the Byzantine Empire. Although the date of May 29, 1453 is that of the Julian Calendar, the event is commemorated in Istanbul on this day of the present Gregorian calendar.
1461
8.15.1461
The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmet II. This is regarded by some historians as the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.