5
December
  Advertisement
Home  /  Timelines  /  Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...
Timeline of Events
681
8.9.681
Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
893
5.27.893
Simeon I of Bulgaria is crowned Emperor of the first Bulgarian empire
1230
3.9.1230
Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus in the Battle of Klokotnitsa.
1873
2.18.1873
Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.
1876
5.2.1876
The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
6.2.1876
Hristo Botev, a national revolutionary of Bulgaria, is killed in Stara Planina
1878
3.3.1878
Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
1885
9.6.1885
Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
1908
9.22.1908
The independence of Bulgaria is proclaimed.
1912
10.17.1912
Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
10.21.1912
During the First Balkan War, Kardzhali is liberated by Bulgarian forces
12.3.1912
Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long First Balkan War.
1913
3.26.1913
Balkan War: Bulgarian forces take Adrianople.
6.24.1913
Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
8.10.1913
Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
1914
7.26.1914
Serbia and Bulgaria interrupt diplomatic relationship.
1915
10.5.1915
Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
1918
9.29.1918
World War I: The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
1923
6.9.1923
Bulgaria's military takes over the government in a coup.
7.24.1923
The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in World War I.
1938
7.31.1938
Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
1940
9.7.1940
Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1941
3.1.1941
World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
3.2.1941
World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
12.12.1941
World War II: UK declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
1942
6.5.1942
World War II: United States declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
1944
9.9.1944
World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
1955
12.14.1955
1978
9.7.1978
While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
9.7.1978
While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from a specially-designed umbrella.
1989
11.10.1989
Fall of the communist regime in Bulgaria.
1998
10.29.1998
While ''en route'' from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he is landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
2001
7.24.2001
Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
8.1.2001
Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
2002
11.21.2002
NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
2004
3.29.2004
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
2005
4.25.2005
Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union.
2007
1.1.2007
Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages.