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India
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...
Timeline of Events
1497
7.8.1497
Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India.
1498
5.20.1498
Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India.
1499
7.10.1499
Portuguese explorer Nicolau Coelho returns to Lisbon, after discovering the sea route to India as a companion of Vasco da Gama.
1502
2.12.1502
Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
1509
2.2.1509
The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
2.3.1509
The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
1565
1.26.1565
Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1575
3.3.1575
Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1608
8.24.1608
The first official English representative to India lands in Surat.
1639
8.22.1639
Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.
1658
7.31.1658
Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.
1690
8.24.1690
Calcutta, India is founded.
1739
3.20.1739
Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
3.22.1739
Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
1755
4.2.1755
Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.
1761
1.14.1761
The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changes the course of Indian History.
1.16.1761
The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
1796
4.13.1796
The first elephant ever seen in the United States arrives from India.
1803
9.23.1803
Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.
1806
7.10.1806
The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1829
12.4.1829
In the face of fierce opposition, British governor Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that all who abet suttee in India are guilty of culpable homicide.
1830
7.13.1830
The General Assembly's Institution, now the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengal Renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Calcutta, India.
1839
11.25.1839
A cyclone slams India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa (which has never been completely rebuilt). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.
1846
1.28.1846
The Battle of Aliwal, India, is won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
1851
12.22.1851
The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
1853
4.16.1853
The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
1857
5.10.1857
Indian Mutiny: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys revolt against their commanding officers at Meerut.
5.11.1857
Indian Mutiny: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
1864
10.5.1864
The Indian city of Calcutta is almost totally destroyed by a cyclone; 60,000 die.
1866
6.11.1866
The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.
1868
4.13.1868
The Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala.
1876
10.31.1876
A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 deaths.
1882
10.14.1882
University of the Punjab is founded in a part of India that later became West Pakistan.
1889
3.23.1889
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
1892
7.6.1892
Dadabhai Naoroji is elected as the first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
1897
6.22.1897
British colonial officers Charles Walter Rand and Lt. Charles Egerton Ayerst are assassinated in Pune, Maharashtra, India by the Chapekar brothers and Mahadeo Vinayak Ranade, who are later caught and hanged.
1905
4.4.1905
In India, the 1905 Kangra earthquake hits the Kangra valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala.
10.16.1905
The Partition of Bengal in India takes place.
1911
12.12.1911
Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
1913
5.3.1913
Raja Harishchandra the first full-length Indian feature film was released, marking the beginning of the Indian film industry.