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Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany, and the United Kingdom...
Timeline of Events
69
8.1.69
Batavian rebellion: The Batavians in Germania Inferior (Netherlands) revolt under the leadership of Gaius Julius Civilis.
1248
8.25.1248
The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
1287
12.14.1287
St. Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
1421
11.18.1421
A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike in the Netherlands breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people.
1487
7.24.1487
Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against ban on foreign beer.
1530
11.5.1530
The St. Felix's Flood destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands.
1554
1.5.1554
A great fire occurs in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
1555
8.23.1555
Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
1566
4.5.1566
Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.
1568
5.23.1568
The Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
1570
3.4.1570
King Philip II of Spain bans foreign Dutch students.
1579
1.23.1579
The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
1607
4.25.1607
Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
1616
10.25.1616
Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the Western Australian coast.
1619
5.13.1619
Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after being convicted of treason.
1624
6.10.1624
Signing of the Treaty of Compiègne between France and the Netherlands.
1626
5.4.1626
Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives in New Netherland (present day Manhattan Island) aboard the ''See Meeuw''.
1636
3.26.1636
Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands.
1637
2.3.1637
Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) by government order.
1648
1.30.1648
Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster and Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
1652
4.6.1652
At the Cape of Good Hope, Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp that eventually becomes Cape Town .
1654
10.12.1654
The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100 people.
1665
3.4.1665
English King Charles II declares war on the Netherlands marking the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
6.3.1665
James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
6.12.1665
England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
1667
6.9.1667
The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet begins. It lasts for five days and results in a decisive victory by the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1672
4.29.1672
Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
1674
2.19.1674
England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
11.10.1674
Anglo-Dutch War: As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherlands to England.
1704
8.4.1704
War of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar is captured by an English and Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Archduke Charles.
1709
9.11.1709
Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
1717
1.4.1717
The Netherlands, Great Britain, and France sign the Triple Alliance.
1719
2.12.1719
The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
1771
10.9.1771
The Dutch merchant ship ''Vrouw Maria'' sinks near the coast of Finland.
1782
4.19.1782
John Adams secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first American embassy.
1793
2.1.1793
French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
3.4.1793
French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.
1795
1.19.1795
The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
1799
8.30.1799
The entire Dutch fleet is captured by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1815
3.16.1815
Prince Willem of the House of Orange-Nassau proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands.