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Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...
Timeline of Events
1229
12.31.1229
James I of Aragon the Conqueror enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
1469
10.19.1469
Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1483
4.29.1483
Gran Canaria, the main of the Canary Islands is conquered by the Kingdom of Castile, very important step in the expansion of Spain.
1491
11.25.1491
The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
1492
1.2.1492
Reconquista: the emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders
4.17.1492
Spain and Christopher Columbus sign the Capitulations of Santa Fe for his voyage to Asia to acquire spices.
4.30.1492
Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
7.31.1492
The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
8.1.1492
Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile drive the Jews out of Spain.
8.3.1492
Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
8.3.1492
The Jews of Spain are expelled by the Catholic Monarchs.
1493
3.15.1493
Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
5.4.1493
Pope Alexander VI divides the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Line of Demarcation.
1494
5.5.1494
Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain.
6.7.1494
Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
7.2.1494
The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.
1502
5.9.1502
Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final journey to the New World.
1503
4.28.1503
Important victory of the Great captain at the Battle of Cerignola, ruling a small Spanish armies over a French four times bigger in number, in Cerignola, next Bari, Southern Italy. It is noted as the first battle in history won by gunpowder small arms.
1511
11.17.1511
Spain and England ally against France.
1513
4.8.1513
Explorer Juan Ponce de León declares Florida a territory of Spain.
9.25.1513
Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches what would become known as the Pacific Ocean.
10.7.1513
Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
1516
8.13.1516
The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis I of France recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
1520
6.30.1520
The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
7.1.1520
La Noche Triste: a joint Mexican Indian force led by the Aztec ruler Cuitláhuac defeat Spanish Conquistadores led by Hernán Cortés.
1522
9.6.1522
The ''Victoria'', the only surviving ship of Ferdinand Magellan's expedition, returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
1527
5.6.1527
Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, die fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo.
1528
11.6.1528
Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
1529
4.22.1529
Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
1533
11.14.1533
Conquistadors from Spain under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro arrive in Cajamarca, Inca empire
1536
2.2.1536
Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1539
1.14.1539
Spain annexes Cuba.
6.3.1539
DeSoto claims Florida for Spain.
1548
10.20.1548
The city of Nuestra Senora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace) was founded by Captain Alonso de Mendoza by appointment of the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.
1556
1.16.1556
Philip II becomes King of Spain.
9.15.1556
Departing from Vlissingen, ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
1558
7.13.1558
Battle of Gravelines: in France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines.
1559
8.22.1559
Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy.
1565
4.27.1565
Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines.
1566
4.5.1566
Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.