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Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....
Timeline of Events
338BC
8.2.338 BC
A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
1311
3.15.1311
Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
1770
5.26.1770
The Orlov Revolt, an attempt to revolt against the Ottoman Empire before the Greek War of Independence, ends in disaster for the Greeks.
1820
4.12.1820
Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
1821
3.25.1821
(Julian Calendar) Greece revolts against the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence.
9.23.1821
Tripolitsa, Greece, falls and 30,000 Turks are massacred.
1822
3.31.1822
The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
5.16.1822
Greek War of Independence: The Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.
1824
8.4.1824
The Battle of Kos is fought between Turk and Greek forces.
1826
4.10.1826
The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
1829
3.22.1829
The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
1830
2.3.1830
The sovereignty of Greece is confirmed in a London Protocol.
1832
5.7.1832
The independence of Greece is recognized by the Treaty of London. Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria is chosen King.
1835
5.20.1835
Otto is named the first modern King of Greece.
1863
3.30.1863
Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.
1878
2.2.1878
Greece declares war on Turkey.
1881
3.26.1881
Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
1897
4.5.1897
The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1898
8.25.1898
700 Greek civilians, 17 British guards and the British Consul of Crete are killed by a Turkish mob in Heraklion, Greece.
1905
3.10.1905
Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
1910
11.28.1910
Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.
1912
5.4.1912
Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes.
10.17.1912
Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
10.26.1912
First Balkan War: The capital city of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day, Serbian troops captured Skopje.
12.3.1912
Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long First Balkan War.
1913
1.5.1913
First Balkan War: During the Naval Battle of Lemnos, Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war.
1.14.1913
First Balkan War: The Greek army defeats the Turks at Bizani.
1.18.1913
A Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the Naval Battle of Lemnos during the First Balkan War, securing the islands of the Northern Aegean Sea for Greece.
6.24.1913
Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
8.10.1913
Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
1917
5.30.1917
Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
6.11.1917
King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
8.18.1917
A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
1920
12.5.1920
Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
1922
8.27.1922
The Turkish army takes the Aegean city of Afyonkarahisar from the Greeks.
9.7.1922
In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
9.27.1922
King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
1923
3.24.1923
Greece becomes a republic.
7.24.1923
The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in World War I.
1938
7.31.1938
Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).