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Lithuania
Lithuania , officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the biggest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark...
Timeline of Events
1009
2.14.1009
First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.
1253
7.6.1253
Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania.
1674
5.21.1674
The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1863
1.22.1863
The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1917
12.11.1917
Lithuania declares its independence from Russia.
1918
2.16.1918
The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
3.3.1918
Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
1920
7.12.1920
The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed. Soviet Russia recognises independent Lithuania.
10.7.1920
The Suwalki Agreement between Poland and Lithuania is signed.
1923
1.10.1923
Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel.
1926
12.17.1926
Antanas Smetona assumes power in Lithuania as the 1926 coup d'état is successful.
1939
3.22.1939
World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania.
1940
6.16.1940
A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.
6.17.1940
The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union.
7.23.1940
The United States' Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
1941
6.14.1941
June deportation, the first major wave of Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians, begins.
1949
3.25.1949
The extensive deportation campaign known as March deportation is conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
1989
8.23.1989
Singing Revolution: two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stand on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way).
1990
1.11.1990
300,000 march in favor of Lithuanian independence.
3.11.1990
Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
1991
1.13.1991
Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius. Killed 14 people and wounding 1000.
2.9.1991
Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.
8.27.1991
The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
9.2.1991
The United States recognize the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
9.6.1991
The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
9.17.1991
1992
10.25.1992
Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution.
2002
11.21.2002
NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
12.13.2002
Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
2004
3.29.2004
Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
4.6.2004
Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.
5.1.2004
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
2009
5.17.2009
Dalia Grybauskaitė is elected the first female President of Lithuania.