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Hungary
Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The capital and largest city is Budapest...
Timeline of Events
933
3.15.933
After a ten-year truce, German King Henry I defeats a Hungarian army at the Battle of Riade near the Unstrut river.
1000
8.20.1000
The foundation of the Hungarian state by Saint Stephen. Today celebrated as a National Day in Hungary.
8.20.1000
The foundation of the Hungarian state by Saint Stephen. Today celebrated as a National Day in Hungary.
12.25.1000
The foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary: Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.
1060
12.6.1060
Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary
1301
1.14.1301
Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
1330
11.9.1330
Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush
1387
2.24.1387
King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.
1438
1.1.1438
Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
1448
10.17.1448
Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi is defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
1526
8.29.1526
Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
1763
6.28.1763
A massive earthquake occurs on the same day in Komárom in Hungary, in Komárno in Slovakia and in Zsámbék in Hungary.
6.28.1763
A massive earthquake occurs on the same day in Komárom in Hungary, in Komárno in Slovakia and in Zsámbék in Hungary.
1848
9.29.1848
Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
1849
4.14.1849
Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Lajos Kossuth as its leader.
1910
3.27.1910
A fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, kills 312.
1919
9.10.1919
Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
1920
6.4.1920
Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.
1922
9.18.1922
Hungary is admitted to League of Nations.
1928
7.20.1928
The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, and subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians.
1941
12.5.1941
World War II: Great Britain declares war on Finland, Hungary and Romania.
12.12.1941
World War II: UK declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
12.13.1941
World War II: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States.
1942
6.5.1942
World War II: United States declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
1944
3.19.1944
World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
10.15.1944
The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
10.23.1944
World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
12.31.1944
World War II: Hungary declares war on Nazi Germany.
1945
1.17.1945
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappears in Hungary while in Soviet custody.
1.20.1945
World War II: Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.
4.4.1945
World War II: Soviet Army takes control of Hungary.
1946
3.5.1946
Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
1948
12.26.1948
Cardinal Mindszenty is arrested in Hungary and accused of treason and conspiracy.
1949
2.8.1949
Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary is sentenced for treason.
1955
12.14.1955
1956
10.23.1956
Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
11.4.1956
Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union, that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
12.6.1956
A violent water polo match between Hungary and the USSR takes place during the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, against the backdrop of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution.
1972
5.21.1972
Michelangelo's ''Pietà'' in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal, the mentally disturbed Hungarian geologist Laszlo Toth.
1978
1.6.1978
The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.