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Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
Timeline of Events
933
3.15.933
After a ten-year truce, German King Henry I defeats a Hungarian army at the Battle of Riade near the Unstrut river.
1014
2.14.1014
Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany.
1028
4.14.1028
Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected king of the Germans.
1152
3.4.1152
Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans.
1241
4.9.1241
Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies.
1266
2.26.1266
Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined German and Sicilian force led by King Manfred of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples.
1284
6.26.1284
the legendary Pied Piper leads 130 children out of Hamelin, Germany
1362
1.16.1362
A storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
1374
6.24.1374
A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
1484
12.5.1484
Pope Innocent VIII issues the ''Summis desiderantes'', a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and leads to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history.
1527
5.6.1527
Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, die fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo.
1530
6.25.1530
At the Diet of Augsburg the Augsburg Confession is presented to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.
1604
10.17.1604
Kepler's Star: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes a supernova in the constellation Ophiuchus.
1630
7.6.1630
Thirty-Years War: 4,000 Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.
1631
5.20.1631
The city of Magdeburg in Germany is seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire and most of its inhabitants massacred, in one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War.
1775
4.11.1775
The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place.
1780
4.16.1780
The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
1793
3.18.1793
The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
1804
9.1.1804
Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, is discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
1806
7.12.1806
Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
1813
3.4.1813
Russian troops fighting the army of Napoleon reach Berlin in Germany and the French garrison evacuates the city without a fight.
1814
11.28.1814
''The Times'' in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.
1832
5.30.1832
End of the Hambach Festival in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
1835
10.3.1835
The Staedtler Company is founded in Nuremberg, Germany.
1846
9.23.1846
Neptune is discovered by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; the discovery is verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
1847
10.1.1847
German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
1848
5.18.1848
Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
11.9.1848
Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna.
1860
5.17.1860
German football club TSV 1860 München is founded
1863
1.4.1863
The New Apostolic Church, a Christian and chiliastic church, is established in Hamburg, Germany.
1873
9.15.1873
Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
1879
10.7.1879
Germany and Austria-Hungary sign the "Twofold Covenant" and create the Dual Alliance.
1880
8.14.1880
Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed.
1884
7.5.1884
Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
1885
4.3.1885
Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
1887
3.4.1887
Gottlieb Daimler unveils his first automobile which he test runs in Esslingen and Cannstatt, Germany.
6.18.1887
The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
1900
6.14.1900
The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
7.2.1900
The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1903
8.18.1903
German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flies his self-made, motored gliding airplane four months before the first flight of the Wright Brothers.