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Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...
Timeline of Events
1179
6.19.1179
The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.
1314
8.31.1314
King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
1326
6.3.1326
Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
1472
2.20.1472
Orkney and Shetland are pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Margaret of Denmark.
1520
1.18.1520
King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Åsunden.
1523
1.20.1523
Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1718
11.30.1718
Swedish king Charles XII dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
1767
7.3.1767
Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded and the first edition is published.
1814
1.14.1814
Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
2.11.1814
Norway's independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the Kalmar Union.
1818
2.5.1818
Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
9.7.1818
Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
1822
5.26.1822
116 people die in the Grue Church fire, the biggest fire disaster in Norway's history.
1860
8.5.1860
Charles XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
1894
4.21.1894
Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
1903
6.16.1903
Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.
1904
1.23.1904
Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
1905
6.7.1905
Norway's parliament dissolves its union with Sweden, a vote that is confirmed by a national plebiscite on August 13 of that year.
9.23.1905
Norway and Sweden sign the "Karlstad treaty", peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
10.26.1905
Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
11.12.1905
Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
11.25.1905
The Danish Prins Carl arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
1907
6.14.1907
Norway adopts female suffrage.
1909
1.27.1909
The Young Left is founded in Norway.
1920
2.9.1920
Under the terms of the Spitsbergen Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.
1933
5.17.1933
Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling — the national-socialist party of Norway.
1938
1.14.1938
Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
1939
9.10.1939
World War II: The submarine HMS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy's first loss.
1940
4.8.1940
World War II: The United Kingdom and France announce that they have mined Norwegian territorial waters to prevent their use by German supply ships.
4.14.1940
World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway in preparation for a larger force to arrive two days later.
4.15.1940
The Allies begin their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which is occupied by Nazi Germany.
5.5.1940
World War II: Norwegian refugees form a government-in-exile in London
5.28.1940
World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik in Norway. This is the first allied infantry victory of the War.
6.7.1940
King Haakon VII of Norway, Crown Prince Olav and the Norwegian government leave Tromsø and go into exile in London.
6.10.1940
World War II: Norway surrenders to German forces.
8.16.1940
World War II: The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway.
1943
11.16.1943
World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
12.26.1943
World War II: German warship ''Scharnhorst'' is sunk off of Norway's North Cape after a battle against major Royal Navy forces.
1944
11.12.1944
World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship ''Tirpitz'', with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
1946
2.1.1946
Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General.