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Allies of World War II
The Allies of World War II were the countries that opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War . Former Axis states contributing to the Allied victory are not considered Allied states...
Timeline of Events
1939
9.3.1939
World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.
1940
4.15.1940
The Allies begin their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which is occupied by Nazi Germany.
6.3.1940
World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat.
6.17.1940
World War II: Operation Ariel begins – Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
1941
3.11.1941
World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
5.9.1941
World War II: The German submarine ''U-110'' is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
6.8.1941
10.30.1941
World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
1942
5.22.1942
Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
8.25.1942
World War II: second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
10.12.1942
World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance with the Japanese commander, Aritomo Gotō dying from wounds suffered in the battle and two Japanese destroyers sunk by Allied air attack.
11.10.1942
World War II: Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan's agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.
11.15.1942
World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
1943
2.7.1943
Imperial Japanese naval forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
2.9.1943
World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending the Battle of Guadalcanal.
2.11.1943
World War II: General Dwight Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
4.13.1943
World War II: The discovery of a mass grave of Polish prisoners of war executed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced, alienating the Western Allies, the Polish government in exile in London, from the Soviet Union.
5.13.1943
World War II: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
7.5.1943
World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).
8.17.1943
World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrives in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
9.8.1943
World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the Allied armistice with Italy.
9.9.1943
World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
10.1.1943
World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
10.13.1943
World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
1944
1.22.1944
World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy.
4.22.1944
World War II: Operation Persecution is initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
5.11.1944
World War II: The Allies begin a major offensive against the Axis Powers on the Gustav Line.
6.6.1944
World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named ''Operation Overlord'', commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
8.23.1944
World War II King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu, who is arrested. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies.
8.25.1944
World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.
9.11.1944
World War II: The first Allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border of Germany.
9.14.1944
World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city to be liberated by allied forces.
9.17.1944
World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.
11.16.1944
Dueren, Germany is destroyed by Allied bombers.
1945
1.1.1945
World War II: The German ''Luftwaffe'' launches ''Unternehmen Bodenplatte'', a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
1.20.1945
World War II: Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies.
4.29.1945
World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
5.6.1945
World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.
5.23.1945
World War II: Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.
7.16.1945
World War II: the leaders of the three Allied nations, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, President of the United States Harry S Truman and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, meet in the German city of Potsdam to decide the future of a defeated Germany.