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Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps...
Timeline of Events
1896
3.2.1896
Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
3.9.1896
Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adowa.
1900
7.29.1900
In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
1909
5.13.1909
The first Giro d'Italia starts from Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna will be the winner.
1911
9.29.1911
Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
10.23.1911
First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
11.5.1911
After declaring war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911, Italy annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
1912
3.5.1912
Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
5.4.1912
Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes.
10.19.1912
Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1915
1.13.1915
An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
5.24.1915
World War I: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
1916
8.2.1916
World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship ''Leonardo da Vinci'' in Taranto.
8.28.1916
World War I: Italy declares war on Germany.
1917
6.26.1917
The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.
10.24.1917
Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany on the Austro-Italian front of World War I (lasts until 19 November - also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo).
10.24.1917
Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany on the Austro-Italian front of World War I (lasts until 19 November - also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo).
10.26.1917
World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7000 Italians.
1918
6.10.1918
The Austro-Hungarian battleship Ship SMS sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
11.4.1918
World War I: Austria-Hungary surrenders to Italy.
1919
3.23.1919
In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
1920
11.12.1920
Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
1921
3.19.1921
Italian Fascists shoot from the ''Parenzana'' train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.
1922
2.6.1922
The Washington Naval Treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., limiting the naval armaments of United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.
10.28.1922
March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
10.30.1922
Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy.
11.17.1922
Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy.
1924
3.16.1924
In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy.
10.31.1924
World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
1925
1.3.1925
Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
1929
7.23.1929
The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words.
1934
6.13.1934
Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as "a silly little monkey".
1935
10.3.1935
Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
1936
5.5.1936
Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
5.9.1936
Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
6.30.1936
Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia appeals for aid to the League of Nations against Italy's invasion of his country.
11.2.1936
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
1937
3.18.1937
Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
1938
9.30.1938
At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
1939
1.26.1939
Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.