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Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps...
Timeline of Events
1939
4.7.1939
World War II: Italy invades Albania.
5.22.1939
World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
1940
8.15.1940
An Italian submarine torpedoes and sinks the Greek cruiser ''Elli'' at Tinos harbour during peacetime, marking the most serious Italian provocation prior to the outbreak of the Greco-Italian War in October.
9.27.1940
World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
10.28.1940
World War II: Greece rejects Italy's ultimatum. Italy invades Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II.
1942
8.22.1942
World War II: Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.
9.12.1942
World War II: RMS ''Laconia'', carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
1943
6.23.1943
World War II: The British destroyers HMS Eclipse and HMS Laforey sink the Italian submarine ''Ascianghi'' in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
7.22.1943
World War II: Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
7.25.1943
World War II: Benito Mussolini is forced out of office by his own Italian Grand Council and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
9.9.1943
World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
9.12.1943
World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
9.29.1943
World War II: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the Royal Navy battleship HMS Nelson off Malta.
10.13.1943
World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
12.2.1943
A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including an American Liberty ship, the John Harvey, with a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
1944
1.22.1944
World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy.
1.29.1944
World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
1.29.1944
In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid.
2.7.1944
World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
2.15.1944
World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
3.18.1944
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
3.24.1944
Ardeatine Massacre: German troops kill 335 Italian civilians in Rome.
1945
4.17.1945
Brazilian forces liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from German Nazi forces.
4.29.1945
World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
4.29.1945
The Italian commune of Fornovo di Taro is liberated from German forces by Brazilian forces.
1946
5.1.1946
The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy.
6.2.1946
Birth of the Italian Republic: In a referendum, Italians vote to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After the referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia is exiled.
1947
2.10.1947
Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
12.22.1947
The Constituent Assembly of Italy approves the Constitution of Italy.
1949
5.4.1949
The entire Torino football (soccer) team (except for one player who did not take the trip due to an injury) is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.
1951
12.24.1951
Libya becomes independent from Italy. Idris I is proclaimed King of Libya.
1954
7.31.1954
First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1955
12.14.1955
1957
3.25.1957
1963
10.9.1963
In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
1964
2.27.1964
The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
3.21.1964
In Copenhagen, Denmark, Gigliola Cinquetti wins the ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Italy singing "Non ho l'età" ("I'm not old enough").
1965
7.16.1965
The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France and Italy opens.
1966
1.24.1966
An Air India Boeing 707 jet crashes on Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy, killing 117.
11.4.1966
Two-thirds of Florence, Italy is submerged as the River Arno floods; together with the contemporaneous flood of the Po River in northern Italy, this leads to 113 deaths, 30,000 made homeless, and the destruction of numerous Renaissance artworks and books.