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Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...
Timeline of Events
1809
9.17.1809
Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1812
2.2.1812
Russia establishes a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California.
6.24.1812
Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning the invasion of Russia.
10.23.1812
Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.
12.14.1812
The French invasion of Russia comes to an end as the remnants of the Grande Armée are expelled from Russia.
1813
3.4.1813
Russian troops fighting the army of Napoleon reach Berlin in Germany and the French garrison evacuates the city without a fight.
5.20.1813
Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.
8.27.1813
French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte defeats a larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
8.30.1813
Battle of Kulm: French forces are defeated by an Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1814
1.29.1814
France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
1815
1.3.1815
Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
1825
12.14.1825
Advocates of Liberalism in Russia rise up against Tsar Nicholas I and are put down in the Decembrist Revolt in St. Petersburg.
1829
3.22.1829
The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
9.14.1829
The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
1830
11.29.1830
November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland begins.
1849
11.16.1849
A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
1853
10.4.1853
Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
1854
3.27.1854
Crimean War: The United Kingdom declares war on Russia.
3.28.1854
Crimean War: France and Britain declare war on Russia.
9.20.1854
Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.
1861
2.19.1861
Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
2.27.1861
Russian troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters.
1863
1.22.1863
The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1864
5.21.1864
Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated the Circassian Day of Mourning.
1867
4.9.1867
Alaska purchase: Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratifies a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.
10.18.1867
United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
1875
8.22.1875
The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
1879
5.26.1879
Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.
1881
2.24.1881
China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
3.13.1881
Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
1883
5.27.1883
Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.
1887
6.18.1887
The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
1888
3.20.1888
The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.
1894
11.1.1894
Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
1895
5.7.1895
In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver. In some parts of the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.
1896
5.26.1896
Nicholas II becomes Tsar of Russia.
1898
10.1.1898
Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
1904
3.4.1904
Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
10.15.1904
The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
1905
1.9.1905
According to the Julian Calendar which is used at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace that ends in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.