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World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...
Timeline of Events
1940
5.28.1940
World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
6.3.1940
World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris.
6.4.1940
World War II: The Dunkirk evacuation ends – British forces complete evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France.
6.12.1940
World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
6.14.1940
World War II: Paris falls under German occupation, and Allied forces retreat.
6.16.1940
World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France.
6.17.1940
World War II: Operation Ariel begins – Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
6.23.1940
World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
6.26.1940
World War II: under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina.
7.3.1940
World War II: the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir, is bombarded by the British fleet, coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of three battleships: Dunkerque, Provence and Bretagne. One thousand two hundred sailors perish.
7.5.1940
World War II: the United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations.
7.10.1940
World War II: the Vichy government is established in France.
7.11.1940
World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
7.19.1940
World War II: Battle of Cape Spada
8.3.1940
World War II: Italian forces begin the invasion of British Somaliland.
8.5.1940
World War II: the Soviet Union formally annexes Latvia.
8.7.1940
World War II: Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich.
8.16.1940
World War II: The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway.
9.7.1940
World War II: The Blitz
9.13.1940
World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace.
9.15.1940
World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft.
9.27.1940
World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
10.7.1940
World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the United States into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
10.9.1940
World War II: Battle of Britain
10.28.1940
World War II: Greece rejects Italy's ultimatum. Italy invades Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II.
10.31.1940
World War II: The Battle of Britain ends – the United Kingdom prevents a German invasion.
11.11.1940
World War II: Battle of Taranto
11.14.1940
World War II: In England, the city of Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed.
11.16.1940
World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
11.18.1940
World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.
11.20.1940
World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers.
11.22.1940
World War II: Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattack into Italian-occupied Albania and capture Korytsa.
11.23.1940
World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers.
11.24.1940
World War II: Slovakia becomes a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers.
11.25.1940
World War II: First flight of the deHavilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
11.27.1940
World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea.
12.9.1940
World War II: Operation Compass
12.12.1940
World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield as a result of a German air raid.
12.22.1940
World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army.
12.23.1940
World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis (Υ-2) sinks the Italian motor ship ''Antonietta''.