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World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...
Timeline of Events
1942
3.22.1942
World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, the Royal Navy confronts Italy's Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.
3.23.1942
World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
3.26.1942
World War II: In Poland, the first female prisoners arrive at Auschwitz.
3.28.1942
World War II: In occupied France, British naval forces raid the German-occupied port of St. Nazaire.
3.31.1942
World War II: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession.
4.3.1942
World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
4.5.1942
World War II: The Japanese Navy attacks Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Royal Navy cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
4.18.1942
World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya bombed.
4.19.1942
World War II: In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin Ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.
4.21.1942
World War II: The most famous (and first international) Aggie Muster is held on the Philippine island of Corregidor, by Brigadier General George F. Moore (with 25 fellow Texas A&M graduates who are under his command), while 1.8 million pounds of shells pounded the island over a 5 hour attack.
5.3.1942
World War II: Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that results in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia.
5.4.1942
World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea begins with an attack by aircraft from the United States aircraft carrier ''Yorktown'' on Japanese naval forces at Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese forces had invaded Tulagi the day before.
5.6.1942
World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
5.8.1942
World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end with Japanese Imperial Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attacking and sinking the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington. The battle marks the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
5.12.1942
World War II: Second Battle of Kharkov: in eastern Ukraine, Red Army forces under Marshal Semyon Timoshenko launch a major offensive from the Izium bridgehead, only to be encircled and destroyed by the troops of Army Group South two weeks later.
5.22.1942
Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
5.31.1942
World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.
6.5.1942
World War II: United States declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
6.6.1942
World War II: Battle of Midway. U.S. Navy dive bombers sink the Japanese cruiser Mikuma and four Japanese carriers.
6.7.1942
World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.
7.1.1942
World War II: first Battle of El Alamein.
7.18.1942
World War II: the Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
7.20.1942
World War II: The first unit of the Women's Army Corps begins training in Des Moines, Iowa.
7.23.1942
World War II: Operation Edelweiss begins.
7.28.1942
World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to alarming German advances into the Soviet Union. Under the order all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so were to be immediately executed.
8.8.1942
World War II: in Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs (Operation Pastorius) are executed.
8.9.1942
World War II: Battle of Savo Island
8.15.1942
World War II: Operation Pedestal
8.16.1942
World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.
8.19.1942
World War II: Operation Jubilee
8.24.1942
World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier ''Ryūjō'' is sunk and US carrier USS Enterprise heavily damaged.
8.25.1942
World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.
9.9.1942
World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
9.12.1942
World War II: RMS ''Laconia'', carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
9.25.1942
World War II: Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942 – this instruction denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees.
10.11.1942
World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance
10.12.1942
World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance with the Japanese commander, Aritomo Gotō dying from wounds suffered in the battle and two Japanese destroyers sunk by Allied air attack.
10.26.1942
World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, ''Hornet'', is sunk and another aircraft carrier, ''Enterprise'', is heavily damaged.
11.3.1942
World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends – German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
11.8.1942
World War II: Operation Torch